This research report, produced by a law enforcement membership organization, calls attention to the excessive suspension and expulsion rates in California. It examines alternative responses to...

This report includes a review of the domestic and international literature on suspension and expulsion, an analysis of California schools’ current approaches to reducing suspensions and expulsions,...

This brief concludes that harsh suspension and expulsion policies, which disproportionately impact students of color, can lead to poor health outcomes, crime and violence, drug use and mental health...

The Civil Rights Data Collection provide statistics on the educational system in the United States regarding student discipline, seclusion and restraint of students, college and career readiness,...

The purpose of this guide is to present a rationale for adopting the positive behavioral approach to issues, describe its key features, and illustrate processes, structures, and supports for this...

National expert on positive school discipline George Bear, Ph.D., outlines how discipline policies often allow little room for discretion. He explains that school discipline decisions, in many cases...

This national report represents the first major effort to fill the knowledge gap around school discipline and suspension rates.  The researchers find that the frequent use of suspension brings no...

This report provides a starting point for other jurisdictions where officials want to improve their understanding of who is being suspended and expelled from school, and what those patterns mean for...

A systemic constellation of programs and practices that promote positive behaviors while preventing negative or risky behaviors. It is positive rather than punitive, and aims to create a safe...

This report is composed of excerpts from articles, reports and disciplinary data from individual schools and school districts that have implemented the restorative services program.  These snapshots...

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